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Know Your Stones: Malachite and Chrysocolla
Posted by Paige to Articles

     Azurite, Malachite and Chrysocolla are commonly found in the oxidized zones of copper veins and deposits together - often in the same piece of rock.  Azurite and Malachite have nearly identical chemical formulas.  It is how oxidation occurs that accounts for the color differences. We recently cut a new line of Malachite and Chrysocolla and we are really pleased with the quality of the finished strands.  Both of these materials are known gemstones and make for great jewelry that you can keep for a lifetime - heirloom quality.
Malachite



Malachite is a bright green carbonate that is considered a secondary mineral of copper that forms when it minerals are changed.  Carbonated water and limestone create malachite when combined with copper.  Malachite is the indicator that copper is present by it bright green color. Malachite is a soft stone that once polished and cut, can be used for ornaments, and jewelry.  It was even used for the construction of columns for St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia.  Metaphysically Malachite is believed to be a strong protector of children. It is said to protect the wearer from accidents and protects travelers.

Mined in Africa
AKA Malchite Azurite
Mohs hardness 4

 

Chrysocolla




Chrysocolla is a copper bearing mineral that is often confused with Turquoise.  A relatively soft stone, it has variegated colors of blue and green and is most often found wherever copper deposits occur, especially in the southwestern US, Australia, Chili, Zaire, England and France.  The name Chrysocolla was first used to describe the stone by Theophrastus, a Greek philosopher and botanist, in 315 B.C.  Chrysocolla is associated with peace and tranquility and is said to foster creativity.

Mined in United States
AKA Chrysocolla Malchite, Azurite Chrysocolla
Mohs hardness 7



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